Template:Infobox film

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{{Infobox film}} is used to present key information about a particular motion picture.


Template:Generic template demo

The infobox may be added by pasting the template as shown below into an article, typically at the top of an article above the lead section.

{{Infobox film
| name           = 
| image          = 
| alt            = 
| caption        = 
| film name      = <!-- {{Infobox name module|language|title}} or {{Infobox name module|title}} -->
| director       = 
| producer       = 
| writer         = 
| screenplay     = 
| story          = 
| based on       = <!-- {{Based on|title of the original work|creator of the original work|additional creator(s), if necessary}} -->
| starring       = 
| narrator       = 
| music          = 
| cinematography = 
| editing        = 
| studio         = <!-- or: | production companies = -->
| distributor    = <!-- or: | distributors = -->
| released       = <!-- {{Film date|df=yes/no|year|month|day|location}} -->
| runtime        = 
| country        = 
| language       = 
| budget         = 
| gross          = 


All parameters are optional.

Parameter Explanation
italic title set to no if the title of the article should not be automatically italicised (for instance, if the title has a disambiguation clause).
name Insert the full common name of the film (defaults to {{PAGENAME}} if empty).
image Insert a relevant image for the film. Ideally this should be a film poster, but a DVD/VHS cover, screenshot, or other film-related image may also be used. Only use the actual file name, i.e. |image=Forrest Gump poster.jpg. See #Image for further guidelines.
alt Alt text for the image. See WP:ALT. This field is normally not visible in standard web browsers, but you can see it by requesting the image's properties from the browser. A visually impaired reader will typically hear the alt text in place of the image.
caption Insert image caption, which should describe the type of image used.
film name Insert the native title of the film using the {{Infobox name module}} template if it is different from the displayed title; please visit that template's page for full instructions. This parameter is for the native title only, i.e. it should not be used to add translated titles to the infobox.
director Insert the name(s) of the director(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each director to his/her appropriate article if possible.
producer Insert the name(s) of the producer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each producer to his/her appropriate article if possible. Only producer credits should be included, not executive producers, associate producers, etc.
writer Insert the name(s) of the writer(s). This field is primarily used for films where the writer(s) are credited under "Written by". Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
screenplay Insert the name(s) of the screenplay writer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
story Insert the name(s) of the story writer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
based on Insert the title of the source material and the name(s) of the source material writer(s). Use this field in conjunction with screenplay and story where applicable (i.e. "Screen story") if films are based on previously produced or published material, such as books, plays, articles, old screenplays etc. Use {{based on}} or similar formatting where possible. Do not use this field where the source material is ambiguous.
starring Insert the names of the actors as they are listed in the billing block of the poster for the film's original theatrical release.[1] If unavailable, use the top-billed actors from the screen credits. Other additions by consensus. Use the {{Plainlist}} template for multiple entries, and link each actor to his/her article if possible. Don't add additional text (such as "with" or "featuring") or punctuation to the list.
narrator Insert the name(s) of the narrator(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each narrator to his/her appropriate article if possible. Note: This field is only to be used for the narrator of documentaries.
music Insert the name(s) of the composer(s) of the original music score. They are usually credited with "Music by". Composers credited for "additional music" and song writers should not be included. Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each composer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
cinematography Insert the name(s) of the cinematographer(s) or director(s) of photography. Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each cinematographer or director of photography to his/her appropriate article if possible.
editing Insert the name(s) of the editor(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. Listing "additional editors" and "supervising editors" may occasionally be appropriate, in which case add the tag "(add)" or "(sup)". Link each editor to his/her article if possible.
  • studio
  • or
  • production companies
Insert the company or companies that produced the film. Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}, and use the "production companies" parameter. In addition, link each company to its appropriate article if possible. When possible, this should be cited to reliable secondary sources that explicitly identify the production companies.
distributor Insert the company name(s) of the distributor(s) that first released the film. Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each distributor to its appropriate article if possible. See #Distributor for additional guidelines.
released Insert only the most relevant release date(s) of the film. If multiple entries are required, separate using {{Plainlist}}. Use {{Film date}}. See #Release dates for additional guidelines.
runtime Insert an approximate time duration of the film in minutes. If the running time is given to the second, round it to the minute (and do not link to "minute"). Restrict the entry to the runtime for the primary release; this will usually be the format the film premiered on, so for films that have had a theatrical release insert the runtime of the original theatrical version. Runtimes can vary due to regional censorship, alternative cuts (such as a director's cut or an unrated version) and different technical specifications across release formats, but do not include any additional runtimes without consensus. Use a reliable secondary source to cite the information; do not take it from home video packaging or time it yourself. If using the BBFC website as a source take note that a film may have been submitted to the BBFC several times for classification and have several different runtimes associated with it depending on format, version and component (such as a DVD commentary), so be careful to source the correct time, which are all listed at the bottom of the entry page for the film under "Feature".
  • For reasons explained below preference is given to reliable databases like BFI, AFI, or trade publications such as Screen International and Variety. Some call it the country(s) of production, while other simply call it the country(s) or nationality. If there is a conflict of information in various reliable sources, then list only the common published nations. Alternatively in the case of conflict, consider leaving this field blank and discussing the issue in the article.
  • When using the field, do not use flag icons, as this places an unnecessary emphasis on nationality; see MOS:FLAG for a detailed rationale. Also, do not link to Cinema of XXXX; see WP:EGG.
language Insert the language primarily used in the film. Databases often give every language spoken within the film, even if they only reflect a few lines in the overall script. The BBFC website is a good resource for the main language used in the film. Only in rare cases of clearly bilingual or multilingual films, enter separate entries with {{unbulleted list}}. In the case of a single language without any additional text, the film article will be put automatically in the category concerned.

Note: languages are not automatically linked. This has been done intentionally because according to WP:OVERLINK, most major languages should generally not be linked. Please do not override this by using a piped link such as [[English language|English]].

budget Insert the approximate production budget of the film. This is the cost of the actual filming, and does not include marketing/promotional costs (e.g. advertisements, commercials, posters). Budget figures can be found at Box Office Mojo, The Numbers, the Los Angeles Times, Variety, etc. If there are conflicting estimates, do not cherry-pick; list each estimate either as an individual value or as a number range. Do not use primary sources to corroborate budget figures. When applicable, add "gross" and "net" parenthetically beside the figure(s), using the {{Plainlist}} template.
gross Insert the worldwide gross revenue accrued by the film in its theatrical run (home media sales should instead be covered in the article body). This information is available for many Hollywood pictures at Box Office Mojo and The Numbers. If worldwide gross is not available, then indicate which region has grossed that amount. Use condensed, rounded values ($22.4 million vs $22,392,684). Precise values should be used where stable and appropriate to the context, or significant in themselves for some special reason. (See also: MOS:LARGENUM and this consensus discussion.)


Plan 9 from Outer Space
Directed by Edward D. Wood Jr.
Produced by J. Edward Reynolds
Written by Edward D. Wood Jr.
Starring Template:Startplainlist Template:Endplainlist
Narrated by The Amazing Criswell
Music by Gordon Zahler
Cinematography William C. Thompson
Edited by Edward D. Wood Jr.
Distributed by Distributors Corporation of America
Release date
  • July 1959 (1959-07)
Running time
79 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $60,000
{{Infobox film
| name = Plan 9 from Outer Space
| image = Plan nine from outer space.jpg
| alt = Poster reading "Plan 9 From Outer Space".
| caption = Theatrical release poster
| director = [[Edward D. Wood Jr.]]
| producer = J. Edward Reynolds
| writer = Edward D. Wood Jr.
| starring = {{startplainlist}}
* [[Béla Lugosi]]
* [[Maila Nurmi|Vampira]]
* [[Lyle Talbot]]
| narrator = [[The Amazing Criswell]]
| music = Gordon Zahler <!--(music supervisor)-->
| cinematography = [[William C. Thompson (cinematographer)|William C. Thompson]]
| editing = Edward D. Wood Jr.
| distributor = Distributors Corporation of America
| released = {{film date|1959|07}}
| runtime = 79 minutes
| country = United States
| language = English
| budget = $60,000



Ideally, an image of the film's original theatrical release poster should be uploaded and added to the infobox to serve as an identifying image for the article. Poster images can be found at websites such as Internet Movie Poster Awards or Internet Movie Poster Database. If a poster image cannot be found for the film, or if the film did not have a theatrical release, then a cover image of the film's display case (VHS, DVD, etc.) may be used instead. Cover images can be found at commercial websites such as Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk. In the absence of an appropriate poster or cover image, a screenshot of the film's title card may also be used. When replacing an existing image, upload the new image over the old image (where possible), and update the relevant details on the image description page. See Wikipedia's non-free content policy to learn about the appropriate use of copyrighted images (such as most poster images) on Wikipedia, and see introduction to uploading images to find instructions for uploading an image.

Once uploaded, place the file name of the image, e.g., FILM TITLE poster.jpg (or a similar description), in the image= field of the infobox, but do not include the Image: part of the file name. The caption= field should describe the image, i.e., identifying it as "theatrical release poster" or "DVD cover"; repeating the title of the film here is not necessary. Below is an example of how to use the fields:

| name = FILM TITLE
| image = FILM TITLE poster.jpg
| caption = Theatrical release poster


Credits in the infobox should not be retrospectively altered to accommodate name changes at a later date. A person should be credited by the name they were using professionally at the time the film was made.

Release dates[edit]


The film infobox is too small to reproduce the long lists of release dates provided by sources such as the Internet Movie Database. Release dates should therefore be restricted to the film's earliest release, whether it was at a film festival, a world premiere, or a public release, and the release date(s) in the country or countries that produced the film, excluding sneak previews or screenings. If other release dates are found to be notable, it may be appropriate to include them in the main body of the article (example).

{{Film date}} should be used for the film's release dates, which automatically adds the film to the appropriate release year category (such as 2022 films), and Upcoming films when appropriate. Please see that template's documentation for more info.

Release dates for straight-to-video and television films should follow the preceding guideline for home releases and airings, respectively.

Some editors like to use flag icons instead of country names. This should be avoided, as flags are less recognizable than country names. See Wikipedia:Manual of Style (flags) for a more detailed rationale.



Using the same rationale as the release date, the distributor(s) should be restricted to the country or countries that produced the film and (if different) the country where the film is first released. If there are only two distributors in total (a domestic and foreign) then include both of them. Template:Clear right

IMDb, AllMovie and other external links[edit]

When this infobox template was first created in December 2004, one of the parameters created an external link to the Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Irrespective of the fact that IMDb is not used as a reliable source for verifying content in Wikipedia articles, it still is a resource that many people, including editors and readers of Wikipedia, often turn to.

In more recent years, additional external websites have become increasingly useful resources, including AllMovie, Box Office Mojo, the British Film Institute, Metacritic, and Rotten Tomatoes. Also, modern films almost invariably have an official website. As a consequence, new external links were added to and removed from the infobox as consensus changed on the subject.

Discussions about the fate of these links took place in numerous places over some time, with a number of people advocating removal of all external links from the infobox, if not the article as a whole. Others spoke of the value of having at least a link to IMDb in the infobox. Eventually, a far from undisputed consensus arose to remove all external links from the infobox and to move them to the External links section where appropriate in view of the External links guideline.

Important points towards this consensus included fact that the infobox could not include all of the available links and that it would be inappropriate to pick and choose one or a few of those links over others. Suggestions that losing access to the most useful of the available links (typically IMDb) would damage the usefulness of film articles were not found persuasive by many since such links could still be included in the External links section and the table of contents linking to the external links section having all of the useful external links is adjacent the infobox.

External links to resources such as the Internet Movie Database (IMDb), AllMovie and any official website are no longer included in this template. Nevertheless, these resources and others may be usefully added to the "External links" section of the article using the following templates:

A link to the official website, if any, may be created manually, or using the {{official website|url|name=title (optional)}} template.


Main article: WP:FILMRATING

Like links to IMDb, statements of a film's rating(s) have been excluded from the infobox as consensus has shifted over the years. Mainly, there are simply too many ratings systems in English-speaking countries, let alone the world over. Further, these ratings systems rarely exactly agree, and a film's rating can change drastically over time as different editions of a film are released, and re-released, to theaters, broadcast, cable/satellite/streaming, and home media. Ratings information should be integrated into the film's article.


According to the European Lumiere project, the value of this parameter is seldom found in the primary source (the film) and often involves original research:

"defining the nationality of a film is a complex task. There are no widely accepted international or even European definitions of the criteria to be used to determine the country of origin of a film. This is both a legal and a statistical problem. It is enlightening to compare the lists provided by the different national sources that we use: countries involved in a joint production are not always indicated (even when the main coproducer is from another country). Different national records - and the statistics on which they are based - can show the same film as having a whole range of nationalities." (from "Identification of Films in the Lumiere Database". European Audiovisual Observatory. 2006.)

Preceded by / Followed by[edit]

The "Preceded by" and "Followed by" parameters were removed on 16 February 2011. (See Template talk:Infobox film/Archive 19#Preceded By.2FFollowed By)



Controlling line-breaking in embedded bulletless lists[edit]

Template {{nbsp}} may be used with {{wbr}} and {{nowrap}} to control line-breaking in bulletless lists embedded in the infobox (e.g. cast and other credits lists), to prevent wrapped long entries from being confused with multiple entries. See Template:Wbr/doc#Controlling line-breaking in infoboxes for details.


Categories added by template[edit]

Tracking categories (hidden)[edit]


  1. The original poster is also called the "one sheet" and is the ideal source for this information. Usually the principal credits are listed at the bottom in block letters.

See also[edit]

Template:Film- and television-related infobox templates


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